As a parent, one of your top priorities is keeping your baby or toddler safe. And while there are many things you can do to help keep them safe, sometimes it’s the things you don’t do that can make the biggest difference. Here are some tips for keeping your little one safe and sound.
General Safety Precautions for Babies and Toddlers
As a parent, you want to do everything you can to keep your baby or toddler safe. Here are some general safety precautions you can take to help ensure your child’s safety:
• Never leave your child unattended, even for a moment. This includes when they are sleeping.
• Make sure your home is childproofed, with dangerous items out of reach and accessible only to adults.
• Keep poisonous chemicals and cleaning products securely stored away.
• Never leave a young child alone in the bathtub or near water.
• Be extra careful during the winter months to prevent falls on ice or snow.
• Make sure your child is properly secured in a car seat or booster seat whenever they are in the car.
By taking some basic precautions, you can help keep your baby or toddler safe and sound.
Preventing Injuries Around the House
Most injuries to babies and toddlers happen at home. You can help prevent these by taking some simple precautions:
* Keep your home well lit.
* Use only non-toxic cleaners and household products.
* Keep all medicines, alcohol, and other potentially harmful substances out of reach.
* Put safety covers on electrical outlets.
* Use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs.
* Keep knives and other sharp objects out of reach.
* Use a playpen or fence to keep your child away from the pool, hot tub, or any other water source.
Childproofing Your Home
As your baby grows and becomes more mobile, it’s important to start thinking about childproofing your home. Childproofing means making your home safe for your child by removing or securing anything that could be dangerous.
There are a few things to keep in mind when childproofing your home:
1. Get down on your hands and knees and look at things from your baby’s perspective. It’s amazing what we take for granted when we’re taller!
2. Look for anything sharp or small that baby could choke on, and either remove it or make sure it’s out of reach.
3. Be aware of cords and electrical outlets—babies are curious and will put anything they can find into their mouths!
4. Keep poisonous products, like cleaning supplies, out of reach. Better yet, store them in a locked cupboard or closet.
5. Make sure any stairs in your home have gates at the top and bottom.
Car Safety for Children
Most car crashes are preventable, and many of the injuries that do occur could be prevented or minimized with the proper use of car safety seats and seat belts. In 2012, 663 children ages 12 and younger died as passengers in motor vehicles, and nearly 129,000 were injured.
The best way to protect your child on the road is to use a car safety seat that is appropriate for your child’s age, height and weight, and to make sure it is installed correctly. All states and the District of Columbia have laws requiring children to be secured in car safety seats or booster seats when riding in a vehicle.
There are three types of car safety seats for infants and toddlers:
-Forward-facing with harness
-Convertible and all-in-one seats
Rear-facing only seats are for infants who weigh up to 40 pounds (about 18 kilograms) or more AND are at least one year old. Forward-facing car safety seats with a harness can be used by children who weigh 20 to 40 pounds (9 to 18 kilograms) AND are at least one year old. Convertible and all-in-one seats can be used both rear facing for infants AND forward facing for toddlers who weigh 20 to 40 pounds (9 to 18 kilograms) OR more AND are at least one year old. After your child outgrows their car safety seat with a harness, they should ride in a belt positioning booster seat until the seat belt fits properly without a booster seat. All children under 13 years old should ride in the back seat of the vehicle for proper restraint protection.
Water Safety for Kids
Drowning is the leading cause of death in children ages 1-4, and the second leading cause of death in children under 14.According to the CDC, between 2005-2009, more than 1,500 children younger than 15 years old died from drowning each year in the United States — that’s an average of 4 deaths per day.
Most drownings occur in home swimming pools. In fact, nearly 70% of all drownings among children younger than 15 occur in residential locations. That’s why it’s so important to take precautions to keep your kids safe around water.
Here are some tips to help you keep your kids safe around water:
– never leave your child unattended around water
– make sure there is always an adult present when your child is swimming
– use barriers (such as fences) to separate your home pool from play areas
– teach your child how to swim
Keeping Your Child Safe Outside
One of the best things you can do to keep your child safe is to teach them about safety. This includes teaching them how to stay safe outside. Here are some tips:
· Supervise your child at all times when they are outside.
· Teach your child to stay away from strangers.
· Make sure your child knows their address and phone number in case they get lost.
· Teach your child not to talk to people they don’t know online.
· Keep an eye on your child when they are playing near water.
Stranger Danger and Other Safety Concerns
It’s important to talk to your child about safety from an early age. As they get older and start to explore their surroundings, it’s important to reinforce the importance of safety. Here are some tips on how to keep your child safe from strangers and other safety concerns.
-Talk to your child about stranger danger from an early age. Make sure they know never to go off with a stranger, even if the stranger is offering them something or says they know you.
-Don’t leave your child alone in public places. Make sure someone is always with them, even if it’s just for a short time.
-Teach your child their full name, address, and phone number so they can contact you if they ever need to.
-Make sure your child knows how to use 911 and when they should call for help.
-Never post pictures of your child online without their permission.
Teaching Your Child about Personal Safety
While you can’t be with your child every minute of the day, you can teach them about personal safety and how to stay safe when they are on their own. Here are some tips to help you get started:
-Talk to your child about personal safety in an age-appropriate way. This can be a casual conversation that you have on a regular basis or a more formal discussion, depending on your child’s age and level of understanding.
-Teach your child their full name, address, and phone number. Review this information regularly so they will be able to remember it if they need to.
-Make sure your child knows how to call 911 and what information they should give the operator. Practice making emergency calls with them so they feel comfortable doing it in a real situation.
-teach your child about stranger danger and how to identify safe adults that they can go to for help if they need it.
-Encourage your child to speak up if someone makes them feel uncomfortable or try to touch them in a way that makes them feel uncomfortable.
Dealing with Emergencies
In an emergency, it’s important to stay calm. Take a deep breath and assess the situation. If your child is injured, check for bleeding and if there is any, apply direct pressure to the wound with a clean cloth. If your child is not breathing, perform CPR if you are trained to do so. If possible, have someone call 911 while you are performing CPR.
If your child has a seizure, stay with them and time the seizure. Try to comfort them when it is over. Do not try to hold them down or put anything in their mouth during a seizure.